Traditional music and dance were originally a part of Marapu ceremonies. Today they also take place in local festivals and events. Each region of Sumba has its own types of dance. There are dances where women and men dance together or dance separately. The most popular is Woleka and Kataga. Woleka is a dance of women to celebrate the return of the heroes from the battlefield. Kataga is a war dance. It is performed by men very expressive and full of energy.
The music is more rhythmic concomitantly. The musical instruments that are most commonly used are gongs called Talla and a kind of drum called Beddu. Gongs are made of brass or steel. They are different in size. There are the large ones Talla Pia and small ones Talla Ana Kouka. They are addressed with wooden bats. Then there is the small drum Katuba who is beaten by hand.
In addition, there are various other today more rare instruments such as the Kasabba: a kind of basin; Goga Ama: a kind of short-flute; Talahe: a kind of hollow flute which gets air through one nostril while the other nostril is closed; Ndungga: a kind of rattle made of coconut shells and horsehair or spun yarn).
Elements of the traditional festivals are often involved in non-traditional events. For example: campaign events, sports events, and inaugurations.
In all bigger villages in Sumba, there are equestrian games around the National Holiday August 17.
From the 17th of August to the 16th of September the Taman Hiburan Rakyat festival takes place in Waingapu. It is a mixture of Oktoberfest and representation of NGO and government projects.